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Women at SMBC
Our heart is to teach all our students the Bible, and prepare them for whatever context and ministry God has in store for them. We believe both men and women require the same rigorous theological training – alongside each other.
Through our integrated teaching program we show that we equally value men and women, as well as equally value all the different kinds of ministries that they move into. We look to the portrayal of the church in the New Testament as our guide, and seek to model in our teaching, and college community, the kind of godly relationships that ought to occur between men and women working alongside each other – ones characterised by mutual love and respect.
We want to prepare our women students for the diversity and demands of all sorts of roles. Some may go on to be women’s and children’s pastors – or head up mission teams in remote parts of the world – or run para-church ministries. There is no role that doesn't require the very best equipping that we can give them.
As an interdenominational college, and with respect to the differing roles of men and women, we try to accommodate respectfully views that are divergent. For example, we offer chapel services where women can preach to women only, if that’s what they choose to do. When women students elect to preach to a mixed audience, if the men students believe it is inappropriate to sit under a woman’s teaching, then they have the choice to listen to a man preach. We always ensure these options are available.
We have four women faculty members: Jenny Salt, Janet Riley , Rachel Ciano and Jasmine Lee, as well as several visiting lecturers. They provide biblical models of ministry for all our students, as well as mentor our women students.
The SMBC Women’s Conference is held each year. It is an arena where women can bring expository preaching to women, and provides an opportunity for them to serve and encourage each other.
All this, in the rich context of the wider mixed college community, offers a holistic and healthy environment in which our women are being prepared for ministry and life beyond college.
Hear from one of our graduates...
The Angelina Noble Centre
As part of SMBC’s ongoing support of the work of women missionaries, the college is associated with the Angelina Noble Centre (ANC). Through the ANC, women missions scholars provide mentoring for both women and men who are researching and writing about issues in cross-cultural ministry.
Over the last century there have been many women, trained at SMBC, that God has used in both ‘ordinary’ and ‘extraordinary’ ways. Some of their stories we know of, many we don’t. Here is just a tiny sample of some of their stories…
Mary Andrews (SMBC 1935-1936)
After completing her SMBC diploma, Mary left Australia for China with the Church Missionary Society. She sailed in late 1938, on the eve of World War II. Parts of China were already under Japanese occupation as a result of the Sino-Japanese war, and her location of Lin Hai was not immune from the conflict:
“The European war has indirectly as well as directly depleted the numbers of missionaries in China. New recruits have not been able to come, and some others have been kept at home who were formerly on the field… We have had no less than twenty-nine air raid warnings in six or seven weeks. I am getting quite used to them now – although they were not too pleasant at first… Life is all upset by these warnings, because everyone has to leave the city or run into a dug-out. Only once since I came here have the planes actually bombed the city, followed by machine-gun firing.”
Through the war years, Mary Andrews worked, watched and taught the gospel, as God grew the Chinese church despite peril and difficulty – flood, fire, famine and fighting. Often, Japanese forces were not far from Lin Hai. Two weeks after the December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, and the declaration of war by the United States, the Americans formed a plan top bomb Tokyo in a surprise raid which would raise morale for the USA and China and send a strong message to Japan. Nicknamed the ‘Doolittle Raid’ after its commanding officer, in April 1942 the B-25 Mitchell bombers took off from a US aircraft carrier. After successfully bombing Tokyo, and knowing their fuel was insufficient to return to the carrier, the bomber crews then flew south-west, intending to fly to small airfields in eastern China to refuel and continue their journey west into Free China.
Two of the B-25s crash-landed near beaches in the South China Sea, just east of Lin Hai. Some members of the five-man crews were badly injured, and local Chinese residents, who had suffered under the Japanese, hid the airmen and helped as they were able. The Chinese magistrate in Lin Hai requested that Mary nurse them at the Christian hospital where she served. Mary willingly agreed, and the wounded crew members were brought to Lin Hai. Some had serious injuries including infected compound leg fractures, which required amputation in primitive conditions without general anaesthetic. Mary sterilised the few available surgical instruments in an iron wok over a charcoal stove.
Miraculously, all airmen survived, and their presence was successfully concealed from the Japanese. When they were stronger, the Americans escaped westwards – some on foot, others carried on sedan-chairs by Chinese helpers. They finally flew out of Kweilin just an hour before the Japanese bombed that airfield to prevent their escape, and returned safely to the USA. Two years later, in 1944, driven to flee as the Japanese advanced, Mary herself has to make a similar journey through Japanese lines into Free China. She and others travelled on foot, by boat, and eventually by aeroplane, to escape across the Himalayas into India.
After the war she returned to China, in a different role and a different location. She served the church there till 1951, when the communist takeover compelled the exit of all missionaries. Mary became the principal of the Anglican Deaconess Training College (Sydney), 1952-1975 and became a prominent leader in women’s ministry and training in Sydney and beyond. She was made a member of the Order of Australia in 1980. Since her years at SMBC, her vision from women in Christian ministry – whether in Australia or elsewhere in the world – was always firmly interdenominational.
Pearl Clucas (SMBC 1938-1939)
In 1939 SMBC was affected by an epidemic of ‘three-days flu’. The ill were looked after by a Chatswood doctor, Dr Clucas, who was a visiting lecturer at the college. Clucas had several daughters, at least three of whom became missionaries. One of them, Pearl Clucas, was studying at SMBC at the time of the epidemic and helped her father by nursing the patients.
After graduating from the college, Pearl was accepted by the Sudan United Mission (SUM). She worked in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan amongst women of the nomadic Arabic Krongo people. Pearl developed a great love for these ever-travelling women, whom she contacted by visiting their mud huts. Gospel progress was excruciatingly slow:
“When they are ‘dressed up’ their bodies are smeared with sim-sim oil… Even as their bodies shine on these occasions, will you pray that the light of the glorious gospel will enlighten their souls’ to so shine before me that they may see their good works and glorify their Father which is in Heaven.’ To our knowledge there is not one Krongo woman in this position today, even after ten years of faithful witnessing in their midst. Prayer alone can change this. Will you pray for us, and me in particular, as only a woman can, through the power of the Holy Spirit, reach the women with the intimate dealing of soul transformation.
I am at the moment the only white woman for thirty miles around, and my only womanly companions are those of dark skins, and strange tongues. I will value your prayers, as you pray, that God will see fit to use even me to attract them to Jesus, and to the works of grace as they are accomplished by the indwelling Spirit of our Lord.”
Pearl’s twin sisters, May and Win, went to the Nuba Mountains (also in Sudan) with SUM, where they worked for about twenty years. May and Win were ‘kept together’ by the mission, which allowed them to work on the same station. Pearl worked about twenty miles away, but transport was difficult and May and win only saw her about once a year. They worked amongst tribal ‘people who had come out of pure paganism into Christianity’.
Nancy Costello (SMBC 1958-1959)
With a strong sense of God’s calling specifically to Vietnam, Nancy Costello – a Sydney pre-school teacher – served there with Wycliffe Bible Translators from 1962 to 1974, through some of the heaviest fighting of the Vietnam war. Nancy was engaged in translating the New Testament into the Katu language, and was often called upon to interpret when US military personnel needed to speak with locals. She was able to assist in communicating to hundreds of displaced Katu people, who were continually wandering and travelling in search of safe locations. Many had lost contact with family members in the devastation of the war, and had had no news of their relatives for years. Nancy assisted such people by helping them return to her village, Thuong Duc, as a marshalling and reunion point.
In the mid-a960s, she was stationed near Khe Sanh, which would become the location of one of the strategic major battles of the war. At times, she was summoned to the US Army base there, for her own protection, when fighting broke out. During battles in 1965 and 1966, she was sometimes given shelter in underground bunkers used by US Special Forces. Her trust in God’s sovereignty and protection was legendary: “If something happens, well, it just happens. I don’t go out knowing there will be trouble. But I believe I am here working for God. If I carry out my work, God will protect me.”
Amid the horrors of the war, Nancy’s ongoing Bible translation work was invaluable. Forced to move to Da Nang in 1969, Nancy continued her work, travelling back each month to the Katu camp in US military helicopters and transport aircraft, which would set her down in rice paddies to continue her journey. On these journeys the aircraft were often shot at by the Vietcong. She was passionately committed to the spiritual and physical welfare of the Katu. In 1969 she wrote:
“It is a wonderful answer to the Katu people’s prayers to hear that their relatives are alive after ten years of no news, ten years under Communist control, continually moving, in the midst of war. God is still the God of the impossible… My prayer and concern now is that we may still have contact with these Katu. They are starving, yet if they come here to Thuong Duc they will not have land for fields, and who will feed them? Please pray that I will know the right contact for this, and that a good solution can be worked out. Some of the Katu people were new Christians ten years ago, and have had no teaching since. It would be wonderful if we could give them the Katu Bible translation on this occasion.”
SIL/Wycliffe later published Nancy Costello’s Katu-Vietnamese-English dictionary and other books recording and analysing Katu culture. Nancy on furlough when Saigon fell in 1975, was unable to return to Vietnam. She spent the next fourteen years as a consultant with Wycliffe in Papua New Guinea, followed by another seven years in Laos, retiring in 1998.
Although the majority of Katu people sided with the Vietcong, Nancy kept praying for language contacts, to enable the translation work to progress. She saw God work many miracles, as he provided willing individual Katu helpers to enable her work to go on. Katu believers continued to meet after Nancy’s departure in 1975. Now, in peacetime, although under Communism, the church is growing as Christian Katu have more chances to proclaim their faith in the unified Vietnam.
Excerpts from ‘Out of Darkness: 100 Years of Sydney Missionary & Bible College' by Anthony C. Brammall.